Please write 600+ original words on the Madhyamaka (analytical) approach to emptiness as discussed in class and in the text Emptiness and Joyful Freedom.

Please explain / discuss:

* the Madhyamaka approach to sunyata / emptiness;
* the meaning of svabhava and its refutation;
* how this understanding of emptiness alleviates dukkha;
* a concrete example (see below).

Please include a specific example of how insight into this understanding of emptiness could alleviate dukkha — for example, illustrating your understanding by describing a situation in which someone moves from (a) painful reification of concepts/thoughts/stories/judgments to (b) relief upon seeing their “empty” nature — from substantialization/reification to the “Middle Path” of Madhyamaka’s insight into sunyata.

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